Hybrid Barriers

Barriers to hybrid programming include all those mentioned in Virtual programming in addition to: 

  1. Resource Scarcity 

Libraries may not have the resources or supplies for multiple events or the number of patrons who attend hybrid programming. 


  1. Host programs that utilize everyday household materials, easy-to-find supplies or dollar store supplies.
  2. Host a supply donation drive. Solicit the community in efforts to provide quality programming to all. 

2. Space Scarcity 

Libraries may not have the physical space required to host attendees for hybrid programming. Georgia Lomax, executive director of the Pierce County Library System, noted, “I think the hardest thing is just that our buildings and parking lots weren’t designed for the new things we are offering—like curbside service or tech access outside. We evaluate each location and do our best with their sidewalks, parking lot flows, front entry design, and spaces. People love the speed and convenience of curbside, and I’m sure if we have the opportunity to design or remodel buildings, we’ll incorporate it” (Freudenberger).  


  1. Host programs outside of the library if space permits (such as a garden, a large patio, or block off a portion of the parking lot)
    1. When hosting outside programs be mindful of accessibility. 
      1. Accommodate patrons with ramps when needed and socially distanced walkways. 
      2. Ensure that tables are at patron’s height and material is accessible for use. 
      3. Consider using a speaker or megaphone so all patrons can hear instructions. 
  2. Partner with a community organization or community facility to host programs in a larger indoor or outdoor space
    1. When hosting at a community center ensure that it is in a central, accessible location for patrons. 
      1. Public transportation is a necessity for some patrons. 
      2. Bike paths open up more options for patron mobility. 
  3. Connect with the parks and rec department and host programs at a local park
  4. Host programs exclusively online but have patrons pick up material to bring home and attend virtually 
  5. Host programs, such as a Storywalk, in neighborhoods 
    1. When hosting walking programs be mindful of accessibility 
      1. Provide options for walking and wheelchair mobility.